Policy Resource

New York City Council Passes Paid Sick Leave Legislation

Feb 9, 2016

In May 2013, the New York City Council passed legislation requiring employers with 20 or more workers to provide paid sick leave.

Employees who have worked at least four months now receive five paid sick days per year to care for themselves or their ill family members.

New York Citys Earned Sick Time Act (Paid Sick Leave Law) went into effect April 1, 2014. It created the legal right to sick leave for 3.4 million private and nonprofit sector workers. For one third of those workers”nearly 1.2 million”the Paid Sick Leave Law (PSL) marked the first time they had access to this vital workplace benefit. The Department of Consumer Affairs (DCA) is charged with its implementation and administration.

Upon taking office in 2014, and before the Paid Sick Leave Law (PSL) went into effect, Mayor Bill de Blasio put forward new legislation to expand the laws impact and reach. Mayor de Blasios expansion was passed by the City Council, under the leadership of Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito, and signed into law on March 20, 2014, extending the right to paid sick leave to an additional 500,000 employees. The expanded law:

Added grandparents, grandchildren, and siblings to the definition of family members whom a worker can legally care for using sick leave, bringing legal definitions in line with working New Yorkers daily reality.

Extended the right to paid sick leave to workers at businesses with five or more employees, including those left out of the original legislation, which had applied to businesses with 15 or more employees only. As a result, an additional 355,000 New Yorkers now get paid sick leave (200,000 of whom had never had paid sick leave).

Removed exemptions for the manufacturing sector, extending paid sick leave to 76,000 workers, half of whom did not have access to paid sick leave previously.

In addition to legal rights, PSL provided workers with dignity in the workplace, protecting them from retaliation, including being fired, and employer rules that had required them to disclose private medical information. The law was a critical step in improving the lives of working New Yorkers, securing the citys public health, and setting a national example of how cities can protect vulnerable Americans. Despite many predictions that the law would hurt the economy and employers and employees alike, economic data show the transition to complying with the law has been smooth, with minimal negative effect.

Read more about New York Citys Paid Sick Leave law First Year Milestones at http://www1.nyc.gov/assets/dca/downloads/pdf/about/PaidSickLeaveLaw-FirstYearMilestones.pdf This report commemorates the anniversary of the implementation of PSL on April 1, 2014

Learn more about the benefits of paid sick leave and other family leave by reading the ZERO TO THREE policy brief Building a Secure & Healthy Start: Family Leave in the Early Years at http://www.zerotothree.org/public-policy/policy-toolkit/familyleavesingmar5.pdf.

Updated February 2016

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