Everyday Fun with Science: Let’s Talk About STEM Video
Watch how science skills develop from birth to 5 years old.
An early understanding of science can be seen when children experiment with:
- Making observations and noticing similarities and differences;
- Asking questions;
- Describing objects, animals, and plants, and natural processes like rainstorms;
- Predicting what will happen next in a process;
- Providing explanations for processes they observe—such as why there is thunder;
- Using tools to further exploration, such as binoculars, a shovel, or a pulley.
Children also build science skills through an understanding of concepts and ideas that cut across many areas of learning—these include:
- Cause and effect;
- Scale, proportion, and quantity;
- Energy and matter;
- Structure and function; and
- Stability and change.
Download a parent handout with activities designed to support young children’s growing science skills and knowledge from birth to 5.
Source: National Academies, Board on Science Education, 2011