Data Snapshot: Early Childhood Education
This snapshot provides early education highlights from data collected by the U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights.
INSIDE THIS SNAPSHOT:
- Public preschool access not yet a reality for much of the nation: About 40% of school districts do not offer preschool programs.
- Part-day preschool is offered more often than full-day: 57% of school districts that operate public preschool programs offer only part-day preschool.
- Limited universal access to preschool: Just over half of the school districts that operate public preschool programs explicitly make such programs available to all students within the district.
- Kindergarten retention disparities: Native-Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, American Indian, and Native-Alaskan kindergarten students are held back a year at nearly twice the rate of white kindergarten students. Boys represent 61% of kindergarteners retained.
- Suspension of preschool children (new for 2011–12 collection): Black children make up 18% of preschool enrollment, but 48% of preschool children suspended more than once. Boys receive more than three out of four out-of-school preschool suspensions.
This reports links to materials for state-level advocates and policymakers exploring policy related to preschool suspension and expulsion.
This article from the ZERO TO THREE Journal discusses how infant and early childhood mental health consultation can help reduce the risk for expulsion and provides a detailed list of specific strateg…